La mediación de la satisfacción laboral en la relación del estilo de liderazgo y el compromiso organizacional

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17162/au.v11i2.657

Palabras clave:

satisfacción laboral, compromiso organizacional, liderazgo, gestión de personas, gestión del trabajo

Resumen

El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la relación entre el estilo de liderazgo laboral y la satisfacción laboral, y cómo esta relación afecta el compromiso organizacional; utilizando la teoría del liderazgo de Bass y Avolio, a través del cuestionario MLQ. El compromiso organizacional se midió con la herramienta generada a partir de la teoría de Meyer y Allen y la satisfacción laboral con el cuestionario de Paul Spector. El estudio se diseñó sobre la base teórica del enfoque cuantitativo, deductivo, método transversal. La recolección de datos se realizó a través de la encuesta con el respectivo cuestionario para cada variable, el muestreo fue por conveniencia y 386 personas participaron de manera voluntaria. Los datos se analizaron con un modelo SEM. Los resultados muestran que los datos tienen un buen ajuste según la prueba de Chicuadrado; además, se realizó validez convergente y divergente. Por tanto, en la realidad ecuatoriana se demostró que el liderazgo transformacional se relaciona con la satisfacción laboral (r = .55, p <0.05), mientras que el liderazgo transaccional se relaciona negativamente con la satisfacción (r = -. 154, p <0.05). Sin embargo, el liderazgo transaccional no está relacionado con el compromiso organizacional (p> 0.05) y la satisfacción laboral influye en el compromiso organizacional (r = .608, p <0.05). Los resultados obtenidos en la cultura ecuatoriana demuestran resultados de estudios previos realizados en otras culturas, el estilo de liderazgo transformacional tiene un impacto positivo en la satisfacción laboral y el compromiso organizacional, mientras que el estilo de liderazgo transaccional tendría un impacto negativo con las demás variables estudiadas.

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Publicado

2021-02-12

Cómo citar

Guerrero Bejarano, M. A., Manosalvas Vaca, C., Salvador García, C. R. ., Carhuancho-Mendoza, I. M., Maino Isaías, A. A., & Silva Siu, D. R. (2021). La mediación de la satisfacción laboral en la relación del estilo de liderazgo y el compromiso organizacional. Apuntes Universitarios, 11(2), 234 - 265. https://doi.org/10.17162/au.v11i2.657