Propósitos humanísticos y utilitarios de la educación superior en el contexto del enfoque de competencia: presentación del problema

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17162/au.v12i4.1242

Palabras clave:

aprendizaje orientado a la competencia, filosofía educativa, educación superior, competencias clave, habilidades blandas, universidad

Resumen

El propósito de este artículo es examinar la tensión que existe entre los propósitos principales de la educación superior, humanista y utilitario, mediante el enfoque por competencias. Las principales conclusiones del estudio teórico, basado en los enfoques estructural-funcional y sistémico-genético, son que esta tensión se resuelve introduciendo las competencias universales (el análogo ruso de las competencias clave, las soft skills), que debido a su especificidad, pueden desempeñar funciones utilitarias, humanísticas, integradoras y equilibradoras del aprendizaje. La educación y la autoeducación (desarrollo intelectual, valórico y existencial respectivamente) en la matriz universalizadora de la reproducción de la cultura, pueden transferir rasgos de la educación universitaria clásica (humanismo y universalismo) a la educación especializada de los institutos, contribuyendo a su convergencia. Sin embargo, la visión, desde el enfoque de competencia, de los dos propósitos principales de la educación, superan la dicotomía artificial entre ellos, y sigue siendo en esencia instrumental y no autotélico.

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Publicado

2022-09-02

Cómo citar

Gilyazova, O. S. ., Zamoshchansky, I. I. ., & Zamoshchanskaya, A. N. . (2022). Propósitos humanísticos y utilitarios de la educación superior en el contexto del enfoque de competencia: presentación del problema. Apuntes Universitarios, 12(4). https://doi.org/10.17162/au.v12i4.1242